Neurocounseling was founded in the 21st century with the discovery that behavioral and psychological symptoms have correlating physiological and neurological foundations. In the 90s, it was discovered by the Salk Institute that the hippocampus continues to produce neurons into adulthood. Neuroplasticity is the idea that when new thoughts are formed, new neural pathways are form. Prior to that, the common belief was that the brain was static.
Neurocounseling is a newer branch of mental health therapies that uses traditional approaches combined with brain-based research to implement brain-based counseling interventions, changing the way that the brain functions. Counselors educate clients on how to change their life by making positive changes that effect the neural pathways in their brain. Understanding the source of brain wave dysregulation will help improve mental health. Imaging has shown evidence that counseling causes physical changes in the brain. Thus, counseling can change the way the brain works. Incorporating neuroscience into counseling enhances the effectiveness in diagnosing and treating mental illness.